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Rome attractions

Rome Architecture

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Ara Pacis Augustae 
An altar completed in 19 B.C to mark the peace established by Augustus. Located at Lungotevere in Augusta  (06 82059127). 

Baths of Caracalla   
A classic Roman bathing complex which could hold up to 1,600 persons. Located at Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 52 (06 5758626).

Capitoline Hill
Capitoline Hill is the home of the city government with Michelangelo's Piazza del Campidoglio. And bordering the Piazza are the Palazzo dei Conservatori, Palazzo dei Senatori and Palazzo Nuovo with the Capitoline Museums and it's collection of classical art, and ancient sculpture.

Casina delle Civette
A Swiss lodge built in 1840 and open to the public to view. Villa Torlonia. Via Nomentana, 70 (0644250072).

Castel Sant'Angelo
Built between 135 and 139 AD by Hadrian as his mausoleum and then used as a fortress, a prison and now a museum. Climb to the upper terraces for views of Rome. Lungotevere Castell, 50 (06 6819111). Use Metro Lepanto.

Circus Maximus
Circus Maximus was a large arena where over 200,000 people could watch gladiators. Now in ruins with as builders over the years have taken the marble and stone. Via del Circo.

Colosseohe
The heart of ancient Rome with the Colosseum, Roman Forum, Forum of Augustus, Markets of Trajan and the Capitoline.

Colosseum    
The Colosseum is a significant structure. Completed in A.D. 80 with seating for 50,000, the place to watch gladiators. It took 8 years to built and was started by Emperor Vespasian. But who died just before it was completed. The elliptical building is nearly 50 metre high. The upper storey was for lower classes and women and the lowest for prominent citizens. The wild animals were kept in cages below ground. The Colosseum entertainment was free and sometimes lasted for several days. Unfortunately the southern side of the Colosseum was destroyed by an earthquake in 847. Via dei Fori Imperiali. (06 39967700). Use Metro Station Colosseo.

Domus Aurea    
Ruins of the Domus built for Nerone after the fire of 64 A.D. The villa extended for a square mile between the slopes of the Caelian and Palatin hills. Located at Via della Domus Aurea. Via della Domus Aurea (06 39967700). Use Metro Colosseo.   

Golden House of Nero
After the fire in A.D. 64 Nero built an ornate palace, with a 150 foot nude statue of himself at the entrance. A major restoration of the Palace was completed 1999. Via della Dommus Aurea. (06 3974 9907).

Mamertine Prison
A underground prison. Clivio Argentario (06 679 2902).

Mercato Trainei
The most recent Imperial Forum built in 107AD. Via 1V Novembre, 94 (06 6790048).

Palazzo Crivelli
Dating to the 16th Century with varied decorations on the facade. Via dei Banchi Vecchi, 22.

Pantheon
Originally built in 27 B.C. and rebuilt in second century A.D, the Pantheon is one of the few ancient Roman buildings that it is still intact. A perfect square resting in a cylinder measuring 142 feet wide and 142 feet high with 25 feet thick walls, and bronze doors weighing 20 tons each and impressive dome. Light comes from the oculus at the top of the dome. Dedicated in 609 to St. Mary ad Martyres, it holds Raphael's tomb. The Pantheon borders the Piazza della Rotonda, a rectangular square with a central fountain. Piazza della Rotonda (06 68 30 02 30)

Palazzo Venezia
Originally the Venice embassy now a museum and art gallery.

Palazzo Altemps
Constructed in 1480 for Count Girolamo Riario, nephew of Papa Sisto IV. Located at 8, Sant' Apollinare street .

Palazzo Crivelli
Built in the 16th century decorated with lions heads, satyrs and disfigured heads. Located at Via dei Banchi vecchi, 22

Palazzo Spada
Piazza Capo di Ferro built by Giulio Merisi Caravaggio for Cardinal Capodiferro and restored by Borromini

Villa Farnesina
A Renaissance house in Trastevere with rooms covered in frescoes, some by Raphael

Spanish Steps and Piazza di Spagna
Built in 1725 the steps curve upwards from the Piazza di Spagna to the Church of Santa Trinit dei Monti. The shopping area of Via Condotti leads back from the Spanish steps to Via del Corso. At the bottom of the steps lies Bernini's boat-shaped Barcaccia fountain.

St. Peter's Basilica
Emperor Constantine in AD 319 built a basilica over where the tomb of St. Peter and was reconstructed in the 15 th Century. Inside is Michelangelo's Pieta. Located at St. Peter's Square. (06 698-5318)

Trevi Fountain
Trevi Fountain, at the piazza of Via del Tritone made famous in the film Three Coins in a Fountain. If you toss a coin in the fountain legend states that you will return to Rome . The Trevi fountain is at the end of the Aqua Virgo, an aqueduct constructed in 19 BC which brings water from the Salone Springs. The fountain was completed in 1762. The central figure of the fountain, is Neptune, god of the sea who rides a shell shaped chariot pulled by two sea horses guided by a Triton. One horse is calm, the other restive to represent the moods of the sea. To the left of Neptune is a statue representing Abundance and on the right a statue representing Salubrity.

Roman Forum (Palatino)
The Roman Forum was the political, economic, and religious centre of ancient Rome and now a wide area that is open to the public without charge. Largo Romolo e Remo (06 69901110). Use Metro Colosseo.

Tomb of Cecilia Metella
A funeral monument built at the end of the Roman period. Located at Via Appia Antica, 161 (06 39 96 77 00).

Trajan's Market
Via 1V Novembre 94.

Vittoriano
Inaugurated in 1911 and devoted to the King Victor Emmanuel II with the tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Sometimes called "the wedding cake" or "the typewriter" has inside it changing art shows. From the top is a good 360 degree view of Rome. Located at Piazza Venezia (06 6991718)
 
 
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